Wolfgang Praegler & Gudrun Mirbach-Praegler
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Photos of the Week
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Tutankhamun, probably the best known pharaoh of the old Egyptian history
      Tutankhamun   ruled   about   1.330   B.C.   Not   much   is   known   about   him,   since   he   died   already   at   the   juvenile   age   of   about   18 or   20   years.   He   was   the   son   of   the   pharao Akhenaten   and   famous   Nefertiti,   and   he   was   married   with   his   sister   or   half-sister. Tutankhamun   became   famous   in   modern   times   when   his   grave   was   found   by   Howard   Carter   in   1922   in   the   Valley   of   the Kings.   Contrary   to   all   other   graves   of   pharaohs   -   that   were   completely   robbed   empty   -   this   grave   was   intact,   containing   all artefacts   and   presents   given   to   the   dead   pharaoh.   Today,   these   treasures   of   immeasurable   value   can   be   seen   in   the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.       His   father Akhenaten   abolished   the   multiple   Egyptian   gods   and   installed   the   sun   as   the   one   and   only   god Aten.   Under   the short   rule   of   Tutankhamun   this   was   reversed   and   the   original   gods   reinstalled.   Probably   this   was   enforced   upon   the   young and unexperienced pharaoh by the priests.
This is the third shrine, that contained  the sarcophagus with the mummy of Tutankhamun. West of river Nile, near the town of Luxor, we visit the Valley of the Kings. In the Egyptian Museum in Cairo uncountable artefacts of the ancient Egyptian history are on display. Ushabtis are important artefacts for the dead: Servants, who have to take care of the deceased. Inside the outer shrine was the second one that was also made of wood, plated with gold. The whole surface of the thick gold sheet is covered with hieroglyphs. The outer shrine out of wood, plated with gold, is very big. Anubis is the God and guardian of the dead. As an Egyptian Jackal he takes care of the dead and the graves. This is the sarcophagus, made out of pure gold, with the mummy inside. The death mask of Tutankhamun, made of pure gold, is very heavy and decorated with precious stones. The stands of the bed have the shape of a cat: Cat goddess Bastet is also the goddess of love. The throne of Tutankhamun: Made out of wood, plated with thick gold sheet. Gold, silver, and precious stones decorate the throne of Tutankhamun.